It has been a chilly, rainy first week back after winter break in SoCal! My students and I spent the majority of the week together inside the four walls of our classroom. Good thing I love them so much! :) I'm always curious how they will return from break. Sometimes they need a little time to re-adjust to the academics, and sometimes they jump right back into the learning. This time, my students were CRAVING the learning! We did counting collections, word problems, independent and partner reading, how-to writing, and a new word study sort!
Just as a reminder, this is what our kindergarten day looks like. I've blogged in this series so far about our Play Centers, Morning Meeting, and Math times. My students were so excited to get back into our routines after break that I barely had to do any reteaching. I still did some, though, because all kids (and teachers) need a refresher! Let's focus today on our Phonics/Word Study time, which I'll refer to mostly as just Word Study.
I've decided to stop calling this time of day "Phonics" for a reason. It's what the card said on my daily schedule so that's what the students and I have always called it! I knew that I would be teaching phonics-based skills during this time, so it made sense to me. But if anyone would come into my classroom and ask a student, "What is phonics?", I really don't think they'd be able to answer that question...and students should ALWAYS be aware of what they're learning and why!
So now we refer to this time of day as Word Study, because that's what we're doing! We are studying words. Parts of words like the beginning, middle, and ending sounds, digraphs (I actually DO use that word with my students!), vowel partners, or blends. We also study word families, rhyming words, sight words, snap words, or vocabulary words. So now if anyone were to ask one of my students, "What is word study?", I hope they would be able to explain that it means we are learning about words!
Let's talk about some of the main components of word study. There are things that I almost always include during this time of our day, and there are things that I add in or change from time to time. Let's break it down:
I've written about how we use Words Their Way in our classroom in this blog post, head there to read about it in detail! A simple explanation is that my students work on a particular sort that correlates with their skill level during a 4-day rotation. That part of Word Study does not change. We are always working on a sort each week and it always takes four days to complete. What happens once their task with their sort is done is what is flexible during those four days.
When I first adopted a workshop model classroom, I had to get rid of my quintessential "centers" time because it simply did not fit anywhere anymore! I didn't like it, but I wanted to really give workshop a shot. However, I've finally figured out a way to get centers, or what we call "word study tubs," back into our classroom!
If you've read the Words Their Way Our Way blog post, you've seen our schedule of tasks when working with a sort. I've learned that on a couple of those days, students tend to finish rather quickly with about 15-20 minutes left. This was when I wanted to try to establish some word study tubs using some of those awesome centers I had stashed away. So, on the cutting day and the gluing day, my students use the tubs (which are just four ice bucket tubs from Walmart!).
I display our word study tubs chart on the board while they are working on their sorts (I would show a picture of it, but it includes all of my students' names, sorry!). As soon as they finish cutting or gluing, they put their WTW books away and check the chart. It shows which tub each student can work in for the day. I try to keep tasks similar so I don't have to spend much time explaining them. I also keep the same tasks in rotation for two weeks since we only go to them twice a week. I typically have these four types of word study tubs:
- Word family tub (correlating with the word families they are currently working on in WTW)
- CVC tub
- Sight Word tub
- Sentence-Making tub
|CVC Tub: This is a Center by the Minute resource from Babbling Abby that we love!|
|Sentence Making Tub: This is a very old resource I used during my first year of teaching. Such a great way to practice sight words, too!|
|Word Family Tub: Reviewing the word families we worked on the week before break! This is a great resource from Lavinia Pop!|
|Instead of doing a Sight Word Tub this week, we did another CVC/Word Family activity. This is an awesome resource from A Printable Princess!|
We all have favorite center activities or TpT authors who we always go to, so include what you like to use! And make it fit what your students need to work on.
On day 4 of our sort, the writing day, some of my students finish very early and others take the entire time to write. I have an extension activity for those early finishers called Making Sentences. Each extension correlates with a sort that we are working on and may also review past sorts. I love how my students laugh when I read the sentence all mixed up. I also tell them what the sentence should say ONCE, and then they go off and attempt to make the sentence on their own.
|This is from one of my students who typically struggles to write any kind of sentence on his own. I was so proud of him!|
On day 5, which typically falls on a Friday, we do not start a new sort in our Words Their Way book. Rather, I use this day for sight word instruction. In my six years of teaching kindergarten, I have not come across anything more ambiguous than the list of sight words we should be teaching children. So. Confusing. Our literacy coach tried to explain to us, though, that the lists are so similar that it really doesn't matter about the particular "list." What matters is that whatever words you teach, children should be able to immediately use them in context and see them in print. So, what teachers should probably do is use the sight words that are in their decodable readers they use for instruction. We use the Scholastic decodables that look like this:
...so we have taken the sight words from these books and made our "list." There were a few surprise words that I wasn't expecting to teach my K's, or maybe not in the order that I'd taught them before, but it's basically just another iteration of the "list" we've all used in the past. So all that to say: Teach the sight words that the kids will SEE and READ on a daily basis!
I use the workshop model method of teaching sight words and I LOVE IT. They are actually called "snap words" but basically mean the same thing (words we can read in a snap!). The way I teach sight words is simple, quick, and effective. I've posted a video on Instagram of my sight word instruction, but it basically follows this model:
- Read a sight word poem/watch a Youtube video that uses the focus sight word
- Follow the "Learning New Snap Words" chart on our interactive whiteboard
- Reread the poem/re-watch the Youtube video
That's it! Told you it was quick! I can typically instruct in 15 minutes but might go longer if I'm teaching more than one sight word that day. When we are finished we just jump into Reader's Workshop a little early. No harm in that! If you're curious what the "Learning New Snap Words" chart is, it's a messy chart in Smart Notebook software that I wrote/drew one day with my students that explains the order in which you learn a snap word, which is:
I plan on making another video while I'm teaching this, so be on the lookout on my Instagram for that! It's much easier to show than to explain :) In the meantime, click HERE to watch my old video (it's my most-viewed video on my account)!
Well there you have it, a LONG (sorry!) but hopefully informative explanation of Word Study in our classroom. Do you have a Word Study/Phonics time in your room? I'd love to know! Check back soon for Part 5: Reader's Workshop!